Graphene has been called “the most exciting material of the 21st century”, its properties and full potential are still being discovered but its possibilities appear almost limitless. Already it is being developed for use in applications ranging from microelectronics to structural engineering and from DNA sequencing to water purification. It’s an allotrope of carbon in the form of a two-dimensional, atomicscale, hexagonal lattice. It is, effectively, a monatomic thick sheet of graphite so can be regarded as the basic structural element of other allotropes, including charcoal, carbon nanotubes and fullerenes.
The Client's Needs
The building is divided into three laboratory areas:
• The lower ground floor cleanrooms (32 POU)
• The first and second floor analytical laboratories (12 POU)
• The third floor chemistry laboratory and furnace room (20 POU) All the laboratory areas require high quality water supplies. The cleanrooms need a total of 3000 l/h of Type 1+ ultrapure water distributed to 32 points of use (POU) – all of which need to meet a customised water quality specification. This specification is based on the ASTM D5127 Standard Guide for Ultra Pure Water used in the Electronics and Semiconductor Industry Type E1.2, but with some parameters at significantly lower concentrations.
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